The Guru Granth Sahib Ji is the 11th Guru of the Sikhs and contains the hymns composed by the Sikh Gurus along with hymns from non-Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims. The Granth thus shows that spiritual truth was welcomed from whatever source.
Granth is a Sanskrit word for a holy book. Sahib is added to it’s name in the Sikh tradition of expressing respect and veneration towards the Lord.
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji is a collection of 1,430 pages, with 3,384 hymns consisting of 15,575 stanzas. The Granth is treasure house of spiritual and moral teaching, and contains the eternal Truth, proclaims God and shows the way of His realisation. Sections of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji are known as Japji, Rehras, Kirtan Sohila and Anand Sahib which form the basis of the Sikh daily prayers.
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji starts with the Japji Sahib (Mool Mantra), which defines the basic beliefs of the Sikhs as set by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of the Sikh faith.
The first edition of the Granth was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He started preparation in 1601 and completed compiling the Granth in August 1604. The scribe for this edition of the Granth was Bhai Gurdas, an uncle of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It was compiled at Ramsar, which is today known as Amritsar. The Granth was installed in Harmandir Sahib (also known as The Golden Temple) on Diwali, 30th August 1604.
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji contains gurbani by the following Gurus: